Wednesday, April 30, 2003

Ohio Moments

St. Clair tried, failed to block Ohio statehood

St. Clair

On April 30, 1802, President Thomas Jefferson signed the Enabling Act, which laid the groundwork for Ohio to become a state quickly.

Arthur St. Clair, governor of the Northwest Territory, tried to prevent Ohio's becoming a state. In an attempt to keep the Federalist Party in control, he pushed for the Scioto River to serve as Ohio's western boundary - a move that would have basically cut the territory in two sections. His strategy was to delay statehood indefinitely to keep the Northwest Territory intact and to keep it from falling into the hands of the Democratic-Republicans.

The plan didn't work, largely because Jefferson was the founder of the Democratic-Republican Party. Congress rejected St. Clair's plan in January 1802 and the House of Representatives formed a committee to begin Ohio's application for statehood. At the time, Ohio didn't have the 60,000 residents required to become a state. So the committee drew up the Enabling Act on the grounds that it would meet the requirement by the time the state constitution was adopted. Jefferson signed it immediately.

St. Clair publicly denounced the act, prompting Jefferson to remove him as governor of the Northwest Territory. Ohio became a state less than a year later.

Rebecca Goodman

E-mail or call (513) 768-8361.

Erratic budgets let schools deteriorate
School built in 1876 near the end of its life
Tiny gym leaves team always the visitors
Old electrical systems stretched to capacity
Cramped quarters, crowded buildings
Wanted: a little grass, more room to play
Parents worry about lead paint in schools
History of inconsistency

Police want out of race accord
Agreement's yield: Contention
Settlements at a glance
Indian Hill to pool its power buys and save $
Drop gun suit, city advised
Morgue photos letter revealed
Football Classic lacking stadium
Bank One releases condo liens
Obituary: Austin M. Wright, 80, writer, teacher
Tristate A.M. Report

SMITH AMOS: A second chance
KORTE: City Hall
HOWARD: Some Good News

Health costs jump for Warren inmates
Time ripe for ammonia theft
Going Bananas
Levy would maintain buildings
Fernald to hold last tour for public
County seeks to preserve rare bridge

Ohio executes inmate 18 years after slaying
Ohio Moments

Gays win expanded rights coverage
Eatery reopens after slaying
Bob Woodward, 2 politicos to lecture at NKU this fall
Candidates endorse choice of care type covered by Medicaid
Slain Chicago police officer remembered
Police: Ex-boyfriend shot to death high school senior, self
Moonlite Bar matriarch dead at 83
Kentucky obituaries
Nunn wants to 'move on'
Police: 3 men shot to death, dumped in Kentucky River