By Carl Hartman
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - There's an awful lot pending at the patent office these days.
A record backlog at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office has left inventors waiting two years and more for approvals, delaying the arrival of new goods on the market.
James A. Rogan, who heads the office, has warned Congress that the backlog of applications could soar to over a million by 2008 - more than twice today's level - unless he can increase the fees inventors pay by about 15 percent. The average patent will soon take as long as four years, he said.
The wait is about 24 months now.
"My guess is that somewhere in that (backlog), there are life-enhancing, productivity-increasing, job-producing items, technologies ... that we'd be better having today than waiting for," Rep. Howard Berman, D-Calif., said.
BY THE NUMBERS
Backlog of patent applications: 470,000.
Applications received last year: 333,688.
Expected this year: 343,699.
Applications handled by examiners last year: 260,245.
Patents issued last year: 163,221.
Number of examiners: 3,500.
Average wait for patent approval: 24 months.
- The Associated Press
Berman is the ranking minority member of the subcommittee in the House of Representatives that deals with intellectual property.
Patent officials blame the delays on more applications and longer reviews for increasingly complex inventions, particularly in biotechnology and computer-related technologies.
"The effect varies from business to business," Brigid Quinn, a patent office spokeswoman, said. "For some, like electronics, quick turnover is important. In others, it doesn't matter so much."
Individual inventors - now a minority - can file an application for $375, but later fees bring the total to more than $4,000. Big firms pay almost twice as much.
Money from the fee increase would be for improved quality checks, greater use of electronics in processing applications and the hiring of 2,900 examiners over five years. The agency now has 3,500.
Examiners, all of whom have science or engineering degrees, determine whether the invention offers anything new. About two-thirds of all applications are approved, though not always on the first try. Close to half go to foreigners.
Lisa Lloyd, president of the United Inventors Association of Rochester, N.Y., said the longer it takes to get a patent, the longer an inventor must wait for a paycheck.
"People with inventions in the automotive field, for instance, have to license their inventions to a big firm like Ford or General Motors," she said. "They can't get any income until they do. The big corporations won't even look at an idea if the patent is still pending."
Once a patent is granted, the inventor has the exclusive rights for 20 years. Ownership rights - and the ability to profit from them - spur inventiveness, said Nick Godici, commissioner for patents.
Every year, applications come from hundreds of thousands of people. Recently a small group of bird-lovers and engineers around Richmond, Va., patented a device to toss squirrels off a bird feeder, designed to be cheaper than one already on the market.
Two applications still pending:
Mark Pierson of Binghamton, N.Y., has developed a soft plastic he calls "Get-A-Grip." It molds to the human hand and sticks to a pen, a tool or a golf club so the user can always get his personalized grip.
Pierson already owns a patent to a solar-powered charger for electric auto engines. He is credited with 76 other patents that are now the property of corporations.
Kathleen Di Scenna of Syracuse, N.Y., has designed a device to keep one's hands free while using a cell phone. An adjustable, crescent-shaped boom arm hangs from a headband, dodges the nose and holds the phone close to the mouth.
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