Tuesday, March 11, 2003

OPEC says it can keep up supply

By Bruce Stanley
The Associated Press

VIENNA, Austria - OPEC will increase its oil production and possibly even suspend its current output quotas to keep the world supplied with ample supplies of crude in the event of a war with Iraq, the group's president said Monday.

Members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries can pump an additional 3-4 million barrels of fresh oil a day, and they are prepared to exhaust this spare production capacity if a war seriously disrupts exports from the Persian Gulf, OPEC President Abdullah bin Hamad Al-Attiyah said.

OPEC's secretary general and oil ministers from Iran, Algeria and Venezuela played down the possibility that the group might suspend its output ceiling, currently set at 24.5 million barrels a day. Al-Attiyah indicated that he favors a greater degree of flexibility, without actually endorsing a temporary suspension.

"OPEC will do the most it can to avoid any shock in the market," he told reporters ahead of a policy meeting Tuesday at OPEC headquarters in Vienna, Austria.

OPEC, which pumps about a third of the world's crude, is already exceeding its target as members cash in on prices that have soared to 12-year highs amid fears of a war-induced supply shortage from Iraq.

A conflict would almost certainly disrupt Iraq's daily shipments of 2 million barrels, but at least one OPEC member - the United Arab Emirates - expressed doubts about the group's ability to cover a larger shortfall if fighting spreads beyond Iraq's borders.

"OPEC should not be blamed," Al-Attiyah said as he arrived at a Vienna hotel. "We will do whatever we can, but this is in accordance to our capacity. When we reach a level that we cannot exceed, then we cannot do anything."

Al-Attiyah said the market was already well supplied with crude. Saudi Arabia's oil minister Ali Naimi, speaking to reporters upon his arrival at a different hotel, agreed but gave no further details.

However, the United Arab Emirates' oil minister, Obaid bin Saif Al-Nasseri, warned that it would be "very difficult" for OPEC to pump enough oil to cover a simultaneous shortfall in crude exports from Iraq and northern Kuwait.

Kuwait, which hosts most of the U.S. troops that are poised to attack Iraq, has said that in the event of war, it would shut down its northern oil fields as a precaution against a possible Iraqi counterstrike. Such a step would reduce Kuwait's output by around 700,000 barrels a day, or about a third of its current production.

Al-Nasseri's comments suggested that the United States and other major oil-importing countries would need to rely on their own strategic petroleum reserves as a cushion against a serious disruption in supply.

The United States and other major importing countries want OPEC to maximize production if a war threatens supplies and causes prices to spike. U.S. Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham, due in Vienna today on separate business, said in London that he might meet here with oil ministers from leading OPEC producers. Al-Attiyah said Abraham had so far not requested to meet with him.

Some analysts have suggested that large importing countries and OPEC - two often opposing camps - might be trying to coordinate an increase in OPEC output with a release of crude from importers' strategic reserves in an effort to head off a war-induced disruption.

Aside from Saudi Arabia and perhaps Nigeria, most other OPEC members are already believed to be producing at their limits.

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