The Associated Press
BLOOMINGTON, Ind. - Indiana University has greatly increased its reliance on full-time temporary instructors in recent years as its enrollment has reached record highs.
IU has decreased the number of professors covered by the traditional tenure system, a shift administrators attribute to economics.
This shift in faculty is not limited to IU, but reflects a national trend as instructors working in nontenure-track roles have increased by 79 percent in the past 20 years, according to a report released in October by the American Council on Education.
Ted Miller, associate dean of the faculty at IU, said the university has had to rely more on temporary instructors because of tight budgets.
"This is a trend we are seeing in many large state universities where funding has been a concern," Mr. Miller said.
Former IU President Myles Brand, who left the university Jan. 1 after being in the position since 1994, said the school has been forced to find ways to save money because recent funding increases have not kept pace with enrollment.
Mr. Brand said the reliance on temporary instructors has been more of a concern at the regional campuses than in Bloomington.
Professors are typically eligible for tenure after several years.
Eric Richards, a professor at IU's Kelley School of Business, said tenured faculty members were not necessarily better teachers, but they were the ones expected to maintain the university's reputation for research work.
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