Sunday, August 12, 2001

Ohio history quiz

As the Buckeye State approaches 200 years old, it's time to bone up on your knowledge

The Cincinnati Enquirer

        Don't know much about history? Unfortunately many Americans are in this boat. Last year, Congress unanimously called on educators to bolster the knowledge of United States history. Its action was prompted by a national survey showing that 80 percent of seniors at top-rated colleges scored a D or F on high school level history questions. Many students couldn't identify words from the Gettysburg Address or basic principles of the U.S. Constitution.

        "We should all be alarmed and concerned that our future leaders could be suffering from historical illiteracy,'' says Ohio State Auditor Jim Petro.

        He took Congress' call to heart. His office has produced an 89-page paperback book, Along the Ohio Trail: A Short History of Ohio Lands.

        It's a reader-friendly version of what already is the most-requested document in the auditor's office -- original land treaties, grants, surveys and subdivision records. It is edited by Ohio history and education scholars, designed for young readers, but a good read for anybody.

        Teachers and principals have requested copies to help prepare elementary students for Ohio's proficiency tests.

        We liked Along the Ohio Trail so much, we used it to create this history quiz for readers. As Ohio approaches its bicentennial in 2003, there's no better time for a history review.

        Along the Ohio Trail is free and available online at; or by e-mail or by calling 800-282-0370.

-- Linda Cagnetti

        Ohio History Quiz

        1. Who is the most famous Native American leader in early Ohio Country? Hint: He was a Shawnee.

        2. Who is Tenskwatawa, also known as the Prophet?

        3. Why is the Northwest Territory important in American history? To Ohio in particular?

        4. What should we know about Arthur St. Clair?

        5. Why is the Northwest Ordinance (1787) called one of the three greatest documents in American history (behind the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution)?

        6. Name two unique provisions of the Northwest Ordinance.

        7. What's the importance of the Harrison Land Act (1800) and who came up with the idea?

        8. During the 1700s,
settlers from two European countries fought for control of North America, including Ohio Country. Who were they? Who won?

        9. Why was the Treaty of Paris (1763) significant?

        10. Who first set up churches and schools in Ohio?

        11. How is Hamilton County historically linked to stolen horses and Kentucky?

        12. About 330,000 acres of land between the Great Miami and Little Miami Rivers were bought for about 67 cents an acre and supposedly sold for $2 an acre in the 1790s. Who was this lucky, historical land developer?

        13. Who is the namesake of Kenton County, Kentucky and of Kenton, Ohio?

        14. How do we know so much about people who lived in the Ohio region more than 1,000 years ago?

        15. What is the Great Serpent Mound?

        16. In Ohio's early days, what public service was required of all 'able-bodied men'?

        17. Public cursing once was against the law in Ohio. Name a few other vices prohibited by the first legislature.

        18. Who is the father of Ohio statehood and when did Ohio become a state?

        19. What is nationally significant about Ohio's first election in 1803?

        20. Why is Southwest Ohio considered corn and soybean land?

        21. Which of nature's gifts was most important in Ohio's development?

        22. Why is the Ohio River a big deal?

        23. Ohio is a top U.S. producer of what raw material?

        24. Where did Cincinnati gets its name?

        25. Why were Shawnee tribes settled in Ohio so angry with Europeans building settlements in Kentucky?

Answers to the quiz