Monday, November 1, 1999

Cincinnati's Century of Change

        This year, on the first day of each month, Tempo — with the help of the Cincinnati Museum Center — is looking back at the events and the people that have shaped the Tristate during the 20th century.

        The museum center is home to the Cincinnati History Museum (one of the country's largest urban history museums) and the Cincinnati Historical Society Research Library (the largest repository for the region's history). For information on the center, which houses other museums and attractions, visit its Web site at or call 287-7000 or (800) 733-2077.

        Each part of this series is posted on
(Jan | Feb | Mar | Apr | May | Jun | Jul | Aug | Sep | Oct)

                Compiled by Donna M. DeBlasio, Ph.D., senior historian for Cincinnati Museum Center, and Enquirer reporter John Johnston.


        Nov. 12, 1901: The Cincinnati Traction Co. takes control of the Cincinnati Zoological Gardens by purchasing majority stock in the zoo.

        Nov. 2, 1904: The last horse-drawn trolley in Cincinnati makes its final run.

        Nov. 8, 1905: Theodore M. Berry, who would become Cincinnati's first African-American mayor, is born.

        Nov. 10, 1908: Artist Caroline Williams, known for her pen-and-ink sketches of the Cincinnati area, is born. She later worked for the Enquirer and drew sketches for a feature called “A Spot in Cincinnati.”

        Nov. 26, 1909: Leopold Stokowski makes his debut as a conductor at Music Hall. World renowned to lovers of classical music, Mr. Stokowski gained a wider audience when he was featured in the Walt Disney film Fantasia.


        Nov. 28, 1910: Devou Park is deeded to the city of Covington.

        Nov. 7, 1912: The Colored Industrial School opens on West Sixth Street as a vocational school for African-American students.

        Nov. 8, 1914: Jennie Porter and Francis Russel, principals of Harriet Beecher Stowe and Frederick Douglass schools, assert during a public debate that segregated schools are crucial to the formation of black identity, could insulate black children from white abuse, and could become unifying community centers.

        Nov 11, 1918: With the rest of America, Tristate residents celebrate the signing of the armistice ending World War I.

        Nov. 14, 1919: The first contract is awarded for construction of the Cincinnati subway, which was never completed.


        Nov. 2, 1920: Women vote in a U.S. presidential election for the first time, and Warren G. Harding is elected. Cincinnati poll officials note that women take two minutes longer to vote than men because they vote for each candidate rather than by party.

        Nov. 11, 1921: Cincinnati veterans gather at Keith's Theater to celebrate the third anniversary of the end of World War I. It's held at the same time that America's unknown soldier is laid to rest in Arlington National Cemetery.

        Nov. 8, 1924: Nippert Stadium on the University of Cincinnati campus is dedicated in honor of Jimmy Nippert, a former UC football player who died from injuries suffered during a Thanksgiving Day football game a year earlier.

        Nov. 18, 1926: Children's Hospital dedicates a new building on Elland Avenue, opposite General Hospital. It includes a chapel, classrooms for the School for Crippled Children, and new beds.

        Nov. 17, 1929: The Carillon Tower in Mariemont is dedicated in memory of the late Mary Emery, who began planning the east-side community in the early 1900s. There are 23 bells in the 100-foot tower, known as the “singing tower.”


        Nov. 20, 1931: The cornerstone is laid for Union Terminal.

        Nov. 11, 1932: Some 1,700 milk drivers and plant employees go on strike in Cincinnati over wage disputes. As a result, more than 1,000 dairy farmers agree to make milk deliveries throughout the city.

        Nov. 22, 1935: Woolworth's new Fifth Street store, one of 1,980 in the chain, opens.

        Nov. 17, 1938: Cincinnati City Council votes that City Manager C.O. Sherrill's ban against bingo and gambling should not apply to games of chance conducted by charitable organizations.


        Nov. 6, 1940: Work on the English Woods development in Fairmount begins. It's the third low-rent public housing development to be built by Cincinnati Metropolitan Housing Authority.

        Nov. 13, 1943: Cincinnati begins a campaign to recruit women for military service. It's part of a nationwide effort to recruit 600,000 women.

        Nov. 10, 1944: A new airline, Commonwealth Air Transport Inc., is organized with its main office in Covington and operation headquarters at the airport in Hebron.

        Nov. 17, 1947: Some 3,000 Cincinnati truck drivers go on strike, delaying shipments of groceries, day-to-day goods and Christmas merchandise.

        Nov. 30, 1948: Theodore Berry announces plans for the construction of a 250-unit public housing complex for African-American families in northern Hamilton County.


        Nov. 22, 1953: A new African-American newspaper, The Cincinnati Leader, begins publication.

        Nov. 17, 1954: Western Hills Shopping Center opens with 31 stores.

        Nov. 22, 1956: Hamilton County commissioners agree to allow Cincinnati to annex the Summit area of Green Township, between Ferguson Road and Queen City and Glenway avenues.

        Nov. 3, 1957: The 112-year-old St. Peter in Chains Cathedral at the corner of Eighth and Plum streets is rededicated by Archbishop Karl J. Alter.


        Nov. 22, 1963: President John F. Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas. The car in which he was riding was built in 1961 by Hess & Eisenhardt Manufacturing of Cincinnati, in cooperation with Ford Motor Co.

        Nov. 2, 1964: The Hamilton County Board of Health begins taking steps to enforce a controversial order banning landfills in the county.

        Nov. 29, 1966: Fund-raising begins for a new 600-seat theater for Playhouse in the Park in Eden Park. Cost: $910,000.

        Nov. 2, 1967: The Cincinnati Enquirer resumes publication after a three-day strike by photo engravers, stereotypers, pressmen and mailers over wages.


        Nov. 18, 1970: All-star Reds catcher Johnny Bench wins the National League Most Valuable Player award; he led the league with 48 home runs and 148 runs batted in.

        Nov. 21, 1972: Bishop Joseph L. Bernardin is appointed head of the Cincinnati Archdiocese. At 44, he is the youngest archbishop serving in the Catholic church in the nation.

        Nov. 16, 1978: The Health Planning and Resource Development Association of the Central Ohio River Valley approves a 34-bed alcoholism rehabilitation unit at Christ Hospital, the third unit of its kind in Cincinnati.

        Nov. 1, 1979: Kroger Co. buys the 25-story, blue and white Kroger Building at Vine Street and Central Parkway for $7 million. The previous owner sought permission in 1959 to use Kroger's name because of the company's strong identity with Cincinnati.


Nov. 13, 1980: Cincinnati City Council votes to negotiate a deal with Warner-Amex for the city's cable franchise. The vote follows an eight-month competition among six cable companies.

        Nov. 24, 1980: Gerry Faust, who coached the Moeller High School football team to five state championships, is named coach at Notre Dame.

        Nov. 16, 1982: A 57-day-old National Football League players' strike ends. The day before, Cincinnati Bengals players had voted 47-1 to end the strike.

        Nov. 8, 1983: Charterite Marian Spencer becomes the first black women elected to Cincinnati City Council. She joins another council newcomer, Sally Fellerhoff, and veteran councilwoman Bobbie Sterne in making up the largest representation of women in council's history.


        Nov. 2, 1993: Roxanne Qualls becomes Cincinnati's first female popularly elected mayor.

        Nov. 3, 1993: Paramount's Kings Island announces it will close its 100-acre Wild Animal Habitat and move movie-related attractions into the space.

        Nov. 15, 1995: The new four-lane Central Bridge officially opens, linking Newport and Cincinnati. It replaced a 101-year-old, two-lane structure.

        Nov. 14, 1996: Cardinal Joseph L. Bernardin, a former Cincinnati archbishop who left the city in 1982 to become archbishop of Chicago, dies.

        Nov. 15, 1996: Stanley “Buddy” Gray, an advocate for the homeless and indigent for more than two decades, is shot to death in his Drop-Inn Center office in Over-the-Rhine.

        Nov. 3, 1998: Hamilton County residents vote to keep the Reds on the riverfront, ending a three-year debate over where the team's new ballpark should be.


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- Cincinnati's Century of Change