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Tuesday, June 1, 1999

Cincinnati's Century of Change
Looking back at the events and the people that have shaped the Tristate during the 20th century. Each part of this series is posted on


        June 13, 1901: Frederick G. Roelker, a popular attorney and society leader, commits suicide by shooting himself in the head.

        June 5, 1904: The Cincinnati Barbers Association begins protesting the Ohio law that prohibits barbering on Sundays.

        June 10, 1907: Prominent Cincinnatians Mr. and Mrs. Henry Freiburg and Mr. and Mrs. Robert Gilliam escape a fire at the famous Princess Anne Hotel in Virginia Beach, but they lose thousands of dollars in money, clothing and jewelry.


        June 13, 1910: The village of Delhi is annexed to Cincinnati after approval of Cincinnati City Council.

        June 12, 1911: New traffic agreements are made by Clinchfield Route Railroad and Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad to ship coal. This means the largest volume of coal tonnage ever known will be sent to the Great Lakes via Cincinnati, leading to increased trade for the Tristate.

        June 13, 1914: The University of Cincinnati breaks ground for a new chemistry building. The university received a $500,000 grant for a women's building, a chemistry building and other improvements.

        June 30, 1919: Thousands of Cincinnatians fill cafes and emporiums in Kentucky to mark the eve of Prohibition. Many were jailed for violating the Reed Amendment, which prohibits the transportation of intoxicants from a wet state to a dry state.


        June 27, 1920: Cincinnati Summer Opera holds its first performance at the Cincinnati Zoo.

        June 2, 1922: Homer H. Dean, former vice president of a West Virginia bank, is arrested in Cincinnati and charged with violating the National Banking Act in connection with the alleged embezzlement of $25,000 in bank funds. Mr. Dean has been in hiding in Cincinnati for eight years under the name H.D. Holt.

        June 6, 1924: The city of Cincinnati forms the Charter Committee to draft a new city charter based on modern managerial principles. The charter proposes to shift power away from elected politicians to a professional who is trained to manage a municipal bureaucracy.

        June 2, 1925: Dr. Bertha C. Lietze is the first woman to preside over a Cincinnati City Council meeting.

        June 13, 1928: Henry Jonap, a local philanthropist and founder of the H. Jonap and Co. Department Store, dies at 74.


        June 11, 1931: Some 10,000 fans at Redland Field watch Freddie Miller, Cincinnati boxing idol, defeat Eddie Shea to become featherweight champion of the world.

        June 1, 1932: The Fifth Third Union Trust Co. celebrates the formal opening of its main office at the northwest corner of Fourth and Vine streets.

        June 12, 1935: Henry R. Theis, a popular Cincinnati radio personality and nightclub entertainer, commits suicide at 41.

        June 22, 1937: Four companies of National Guardsmen from Cincinnati are sent by train to an embattled steel strike zone in northeastern Ohio.

        June 11, 1938: Johnny Vander Meer of the Cincinnati Reds pitches the first of his consecutive no-hitters, defeating Boston.


        June 6, 1940: Mayor James C. Stewart breaks ground for Winton Terrace, one of Cincinnati's first housing projects. Winton Terrace, west of Este Avenue and north of Winton Common, will house 750 families and cost $3.5 million.

        June 25, 1942: Actress Marlene Dietrich sells the first official War Bond in Hamilton County.

        June 17, 1945: During World War II, 100 Cincinnati troops arrive in New Jersey for a 30-day rest before going to the Pacific. They are members of the 86th Division, or Black Hawks, the first active division to be brought back from the war in Europe.

        June 11, 1947: The Civil Aeronautics Board awards Cincinnati non-stop flights to New York by Transcontinental and Western Air Inc. and American Airlines Inc.

        June 17, 1948: Cincinnati Police and the Ohio Board of Liquor Control begin a drive to eliminate all gambling devices from businesses that are operating with liquor permits. The permits will be revoked if gambling devices are found on the premises.

        June 22, 1949: Cincinnati's Ezzard Charles wins the world heavyweight boxing championship in Chicago by defeating Joe Walcott. Mr. Charles defended his title eight times, including one fight with Joe Louis, before losing the title to Mr. Walcott on July 18, 1951, in Pittsburgh.


        June 4, 1951: George Schubert, chief of the Rat Control Board, issues 23 warrants to people who have failed to comply with the Cincinnati rat control ordinance.

        June 16, 1952: Public Recreation Week begins with the opening of 30 public playgrounds and the dedication of seven new baseball fields. Mayor Carl Rich proclaims the week in honor of the Public Recreation Commission's 25th anniversary.

        June 10, 1955: Ground is broken for Swifton Village Shopping Center, one of the first local shopping malls.

        June 29, 1955: Cincinnati's Wallace “Bud” Smith wins the lightweight world championship title in a bout against Jimmie Carter in Boston. Mr. Smith was shot to death July 10, 1973, while trying to break up an argument in Avondale.

        June 28, 1957: Cincinnati is approved for a Nike Missile Installation for protection against enemy aircraft. The Nike unit will be 30 miles from the city and will contain three sections, each capable of launching missiles.

        June 3, 1959: Cincinnati City Council votes 6-2 to approve the Fountain Square-Government Square underground garage and bus terminal. Estimated cost: $11.25 million.


        June 28, 1960: Rookwood Pottery, once one of the premier art potteries in the United States, closes its Cincinnati plant.

        June 13, 1962: Eugene Goossens dies at age 69 after becoming ill in Switzerland. He came to Cincinnati in 1931 and conducted the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra until 1947.

        June 18, 1964: Cincinnati Unlimited organizes a “Committee of 40” to boost attendance at Reds games at Crosley Field. The goal is to have annual attendance of a least 1 million. The committee plans to enlist local industries to have special nights, get firms to buy season tickets and remove parking obstacles.

        June 24, 1969: A new $1 million American Airlines cargo building is dedicated at Greater Cincinnati International Airport. During the ceremony, a four-engine cargo jet lands; it carries the 500 millionth pound of cargo handled at the airport.


        June 24, 1970: In the last of 4,542 games played at Crosley Field, the Reds defeat the San Francisco Giants, 5-4.

        June 30, 1970: The Reds play their first game in new Riverfront Stadium. Atlanta beats the Reds, 8-2.

        June 3, 1972: Hebrew Union College President Dr. Alfred Gottschalk ordains the first woman rabbi in the United States, Sally Priesand.

        June 10, 1977: U.S. Rep. Thomas Luken of Cincinnati introduces a bill directing the secretary of commerce to determine if a national fire safety code is necessary and feasible. The bill is a reaction to the deadly Beverly Hills Supper Club fire of May 28, 1977.

        June 10, 1978: Eighteen-year-old Steve Cauthen, a jockey from Walton, Ky., wins the Triple Crown by riding Affirmed to victory at Belmont Park in New York. Mr. Cauthen and the horse won the Kentucky Derby May 6 and the Preakness Stakes May 20.


        June 12, 1981: Major League Baseball players begin their first mid-season walkout in a dispute over free-agent compensation. Play doesn't resume until Aug. 10; the Reds go on to post the best record in baseball, but miss a shot at a pennant because of a revised playoff format.

        June 2, 1983: An Air Canada DC-9 carrying 46 passengers bursts into flames as it lands at Cincinnati-Northern Kentucky International Airport, killing 23. An electrical problem in the toilet flushing system was believed to cause the fire. The plane was en route to Toronto from Dallas-Fort Worth.

        June 14, 1985: Fourteen weeks after the collapse of Cincinnati-based Home State Savings Bank, depositors get access to their money as the bank reopens under new ownership.

        June 28, 1986: An anti-abortion protest at Cincinnati's Margaret Sanger Clinic, operated by Planned Parenthood, evolves into a near riot. Twenty-one demonstrators are arrested.

        June 4, 1988: More than 200,000 people jam Bicentennial Commons at Sawyer Point for its grand opening.


        June 2-3, 1990: Tornadoes rip through the Midwest, including the Tristate. Although there were no fatalities locally, damage was severe in Harrison, Fairfield, Butler County's Union Township and Bright, Ind.

        June 13, 1994: South African Archbishop Desmond Tutu visits Cincinnati and encourages government and business leaders to invest “billions and billions” to help rebuild his country's economy and support the democratic government of Nelson Mandela.

        June 12, 1996: Under pressure from Major League Baseball, Marge Schott agrees to give up daily control of the Cincinnati Reds through the 1998 season because of insensitive remarks she made about Adolf Hitler, working women and Asian-Americans. It is Mrs. Schott's second suspension in three years.

        June 5, 1997: An agreement is announced in which ChoiceCare Corp., the Tristate's largest health maintenance organization, will be bought by Humana Inc. for $250 million in cash.

        June 28, 1998: The Cincinnati Enquirer issues a front-page apology to Chiquita Brands International Inc. for articles published May 3, 1998, that questioned Chiquita's business practices. The newspaper also says it has agreed to pay Chiquita more than $10 million and has fired reporter Michael Gallagher, who later pleaded guilty to two felony charges accusing him of illegally accessing Chiquita's voice-mail system.